last year

What do rabbits eat? Proper feeding tips for your pet rabbit

The question of what do rabbits eat? is a topic raised by most new owners of these pets. Ideally any prospective new owners should do a little homework and preparation before actually buying a pet rabbit. It’s a bit like buying a car before learning to drive. However, it pretty basic information. As an animal, a rabbit’s food requirements are like any other herbivore or plant eater. Therefore the obvious plan is to feed your bunny pal as close to their natural diet as possible. That means to provide the kinds of plants and foods it would normally find in the wild.

Rabbits are foragers. They will hunt around for whatever plants herbs and fruits that grow in and around their natural habitat and this is precisely what you should provide. While most people are sensible some pet owners  become too orientated on treating their pet like a member of the family. This is especially true of dog and cats owners. While there is nothing wrong with loving your pet, that is actually quite correct, going overboard and giving an animal a lot of human food and treats is mainly wrong. The occasional treat of the right kind for your pet is fine but not over indulging.

The correct kinds of food regarding what rabbits eat are as follows. Grass and especially hay are the main bulk of a healthy diet for a rabbit. This is mostly what they will eat in the wild and should be 70% of what you provide.  Hay provides fibre and roughage for good digestion and chewing it gives the rabbit necessary grinding action to keep their teeth from overgrowing.

Our pets also requires vitamins and minerals to maintain their health.  In the wild certain herbs and plants would be consumed for this. The kind of herbs you can use are such as: mint, parsley, coriander, basil and dill.

Certain fruits are beneficial too and rabbits love them. Apples, bananas, peach, pears, grapes, most soft fruits and berries are fine. For larger types of fruit like melon etc., ensure the pips or stones are removed to avoid choking hazards. While fruit to an extent is beloved by rabbits and eaten in the wild too much of some kinds may cause diarrhoea so caution should be observed. It should also be noted that fruit contains natural sugars so over indulging your pets can lead to weight gain too.

Many of us are familiar with the cartoon character of Bugs Bunny munching on a carrot. Naturally that is normal and rabbits do love carrots which are loaded with goodness. The majority of green veg is acceptable when wondering what do rabbits eat, but some kinds like iceberg lettuce are not recommended as they don’t give nutritional value and may cause diarrhoea. Most other forms of lettuce however are fine. Roots vegetables are generally avoided for pet rabbits as they are loaded with starch which again leads to weight gain and would unlikely be on the rabbits normal meal plan.

Dried rabbit food and pellets are widely available at pet food stores and many supermarkets. These are specially developed for rabbits to provide a good range of nutrition and many of the essential vitamins and minerals needed for health. There is nothing wrong with feeding your pet exclusively on this food however it would be pretty boring day after day and assuming you are devoted to the fella you would be inclined I’m sure to give him some variety and add in any of the previously mention foodstuffs.

Finally there are the specially treats. Don’t give your pets the kind of treats meant for the owner such and sweets, chocolate and the like. Your pet cannot digests that sort of food and is at least likely to cause upset stomachs for them. Stick to the specially manufactured treats that can be bought from pet shops which are formulated especially for pets.


This is one of THE most vital things you must provide for your pet. Make sure your bunny pal has fresh clean water to drink everyday. Using a gravity-feed water bottle that attaches to the rabbit cage is normally the best way to ensure a regular supply of drnking water.

last year

Build A Rabbit Run

Rabbits need but little exercise when mature, the young do require it, and ideal conditions are found in rabbit runs if they are not too crowded.

These may be of almost any length, one approximately 4×20 feet being sufficient to accommodate eight or ten young rabbits until they are from four to five months old.

These runs should be made of one-inch wire mesh and have a top of the same material to keep out cats and other enemies. This top may be hinged to allow easy access on the part of the keeper.

If the ends of the runs are also hinged, forming doors, cleaning will be greatly facilitated.

Should the runs be outside, the bottom must also be of wire mesh covered with from four to six inches of soil. This prevents the animals from digging out.

The soil should be changed frequently, otherwise it may become impregnated with coccidiosis germs.

Outside runs should have an auxiliary wire fence, about three or four feet high to keep dogs and other would-be intruders at a distance from the animals.

Or these runs may be inside, and a board floor that can be cleaned frequently is better than one of,soil. There should be side boards twelve or fourteen inches high placed at the bottom of sides and ends to ward off draughts. This suggestion holds for both inside and outside runs.

We believe that sawdust, which is a good absorbent, makes the best litter for the Ixrttom of the hutch or indoor run. If sawdust is not obtainable, use straw. Straw over sawdust is excellent. Nest boxes should be kept filled with clean straw. Every effort must be made to keep the hutch or run clean and dry.

Three hutches like the one described alxwe, in a city backyard or in the country, if occupied by good breeders, are of sufficient capacity to keep a moderate sized family supplied with fresh meat a large part of the year.

The principal feature in some sanitary hutches is found in the fact that there are two bottoms, the upper being made of slats placed just far enough apart to allow droppings to fall through. The lower floor is sloping, insuring the draining away of the urine, and means are afforded for thoroughly cleaning this lower floor.

Our experience has demonstrated that great care must be used to see that the spaces between slats be not too wide, for if they are, young rabbits may get a foot and part of a leg below the floor and so firmly fastened thatthe frightened animal will break or dislocate its limb in its struggles to free itself.

Each hutch should be provided with a hay rack, either made of wood (which mischievous rabbits are apt to gnaw) or wire so constructed as not to allow young rabbits to climb into it. This rack should be placed on a side of the hutch at such a height that young rabbits as well as their mother can reach its contents.


last year

Rabbit Hutches for the cold weather

Rabbit hutches are cage-like housing that are used to shelter rabbits. Rabbit hutches and their design are particularly important because while rabbits are fine in both indoors and outdoors, they are not fit to handle extreme weather conditions.

Rabbit hutches become especially important during the cold weather. Rabbits are safer indoors during this time, but many rabbits are left in outdoor hutches for one reason or another. This is not necessarily bad, because as long as the rabbit hutch is equipped to provide the rabbit shelter and warmth, there’s nothing to worry about.

Rabbits are fine with cold weather as long as they are sheltered from the wind and they are kept dry. If the rabbit is really sensitive to the cold, there are still more things that an owner can provide for them in their hutches.

Cold-weather hutches are don’t need to be equipped with any electrical devices to become good shelter for the rabbit, though a light bulb with low wattage set in a corner of the hutch would help greatly.

  1. There should be hay for the rabbits to eat and burrow into. Eating the hay will give the rabbits more calories to burn, and burning calories produce more body heat. The hay also works as a nest that they can use to keep their own body heat from dispersing into the air.
  2. The hutch should also have fresh water. Don’t put hot water in the hutch because hot water turns into ice faster than room temperature water. If the rabbit is brought indoors, it should be kept in the coolest room in the house because the drastic change in temperature can kill the rabbit.
  3. If possible, the hutch should be covered with a cloth, with only a small corner left for ventilation. Being exposed to drafts is a leading cause of deaths for rabbits, as well as direct sunlight for long durations and staying wet enough for the water to reach the rabbit’s undercoat.
last year

What are Gabled Rabbit Hutches

A gable refers to the triangular shape on of the wall that is produced by the slopes of a roof. If you look at some houses that you pass by, you will notice that some designs of the houses have it that there are triangular extension from the wall perpendicular to the roof that is also roofed itself.

There are many kinds of gables, from the small unobtrusive ones to the large gables that also work as an attic or a whole room. Naturally, the gables that apply to human sized houses also apply to smaller structures.

Gables are used in houses and other structures mostly for aesthetic purposes.

They are not only used in houses however, but in other smaller structures, like pens, bird houses, and rabbit hutches. Anything resembling a house can have a gable – with rabbit hutches, for instance, gables are common decorations with them because gables add design to the hutch.

Gabled rabbit hutches may be custom made or bought from stores.

Sometimes, if these gables are big enough, they can become additional space or the attic space for the rabbits. With many rabbit hutches, the gable can become a part of the second floor, which is connected to the first floor of the hutch with a ramp.

Gabled rabbit hutches are usually for outdoor use, since indoor rabbit hutches do not really need shingled roofs and the like. The gables may act as additional wind buffers for the hutch and the rabbit inside, which is useful because drafts are lethal to rabbits and are actually one of the leading causes of rabbit death.

Gables on rabbit hutches make the whole thing more appealing to look at, and some may even match the design of the house itself. They also make the rabbit hutch look like a part of the house, and not a particularly large cage sitting around outside the house.

last year

Rabbit Hutch Design

Rabbit hutches refer to the cages where rabbits are kept, though rabbit hutches can also accomodate chickens and other small animals. Rabbit hutches usually use materials like wood and wire mesh for its structure, though there are some that are made of metal and hard plastic.

In general, rabbit hutches have floors that are made of either wooden boards, wire mesh, or a combination of both materials. The walls are the same, though there is usually at least one wall that is completely made of wire mesh to give the animal inside ventilation.

Outdoor hutches have shingled roofs or other kinds of roofs to protect the rabbits from the weather. Indoor hutches are usually fine with being just a box-type hutch, and there is no longer any need for fancy or functional roofs.

The important thing to remember about designing a rabbit hutch is that it is important to consider the rabbit’s comfort. Rabbit hutches should be big enough to allow the rabbit to hop around several paces, stretch out, and stand on their hind legs.

The rabbit should be able to recline without any of its sides hitting the sides of the wall. The rabbit should also be able to stand on its hind legs without its ears brushing the ceiling of the hutch. The hutch’s length depends on how far your rabbit can hop – the hutch should be long enough that the rabbit won’t bump into the end of the hutch when it hops three or four times.

Generally, rabbit hutches are made bigger than what the rabbit requires for when the rabbit grows larger in size in the future. The rabbit hutch would be wasted if the rabbit outgrows it. The floor should also have boards on it, so that the rabbit will be able to walk around or lie down without becoming sore from all the wire mesh.

last year

Using DIY Concrete Repair Kits

In finding solutions to cracks in poured basement walls, retaining walls and gaps between walls and ceilings and around pipe penetrations, homeowners can now access easy to follow do it yourself crack injection kits, which are at par with those of professional service groups, but reasonably priced.

Benefits of using do it yourself concrete repair kits

Using do it yourself concrete repair kits is not complicated. They have flexible polyurethane foam that penetrates even a 24-inch thick wall. They can hold together narrow or wide cracks, whether they are wet or dry, and no boring is done since the injection ports are glued.

Dual cartridges and a mixing nozzle are included in the do it yourself concrete repair kit for proper mixing of the polyurethane polymers and the permanent seal. There is also the easy-to-use surface sealer and adhesive that when peeled off with the injection ports, gives a clean concrete surface because there is no need to do scraping or edging work. There is also no need to mix with the hand and therefore, no mess.

Repairing concrete cracks

Before starting a do it yourself concrete repair project, you must first be equipped with nit rile gloves, safety glasses, a drop sheet and a caulking gun. Also make sure that the surrounding area of the crack is clean and dry before the injection ports are glued, and the crack covered with epoxy paste. This curing procedure lasts about four to five hours. Only then can you begin to inject the polyurethane resin into the bottom injection port. The polymer will soon come out of each port, and before you proceed to the next one, the existing port must first be capped. This is repeatedly done until the whole crack has been sealed. This procedure takes about three hours before the injection ports can be removed.

last year

First Alert 2096DF Fireproof Safe

It’s very important for the person to be able to store their things safely. Unfortunately, this isn’t the easiest thing in the world for a person to do. It’s for this reason that people invest in safes, and for a while now, small home safes have really been the way to go. First Alert is a company that really makes something memorable, with a lot of people speaking highly of some of their products. A good example of this is the First Alert 2096DF Fireproof Safe is assuredly one to consider, as it works very well and have some pretty nice features that come along with it, and it actually doesn’t cost a lot of money for people who want their items secured.

There are quite a few things that make this one stand out from the pack. Firstly, this is a water and fireproof safe. This isn’t something that comes along too often, as you generally get one or the other. In addition to the protection here, a person comes with a digital keypad that’s backlit. As you’d expect, this is a keypad that has an emergency override mode, allowing for the person to access their items in a hurry – if needed. The theft deterrent systems are also pretty fantastic, including pry-resistant hinges, digital lock and 6 door locking bolts. The lock is opened by a pass-code that accepts 3 to 8 digits, allowing for the owner to use any code that they’d like..

 Fireproof Safe Features and Specifications

  • 2 adjustable or removable shelves
  • 4 live and 2 dead bolt doors
  • 2.1 cubic foot capacity with durable construction

The Reviews

Easily, what happens to be the most impressive thing here is what people have said about it. That’s probably the most important thing about a safe, as you’ll want to know that it can successfully protect some of your most treasured items. One person said, “I really like my safe, and I couldn’t imagine buying another. Of course, this wasn’t the cheapest safe out there, but I wanted to make sure that I was getting something impressive. This is probably the sturdiest safe that I’ve seen, and that’s what it’s all about. If you’re looking for a safe with durable construction, I can honestly say that this is something that you’d want to think about. I bought it and I’m very happy with my purchase.”

While that was a pretty good review, there certainly were other people who spoke highly of it. But, another person talked about how much they liked the company, as customer service is a big thing. They said, “I have always liked Honeywell, and First Alert acquiring them wasn’t a bad thing, as you can’t really imagine for it to tank that much. So, if you ever lose your key or something else happens with your safe, it’s not too much of a problem getting it remedied. The safe in and of itself is actually pretty good, but knowing that you have a good company backing it is even more important to me.”


last year

Growing the Best Vegetable Garden Ideas

So, you’ve decided to lay sod down in your new yard instead of planting grass seed or having the area hydroseeded.

After contacting a company that sells sod, you and the grass expert decided on a grass type – maybe Celebration Bermuda or something similar – for your new lawn and you got some instructions on how to prepare the soil, which was your next step.

Here’s what you need to do:

  • The top six to eight inches of soil needs to be loosened up so the roots will have an easier time getting established. Typically, a rototiller is used to loosen up the soil and can be rented for as long as you need it.
  • Depending on the type of soil you have, you may have to run the rototiller over it a few times to get deep enough and to break up the larger clumps of dirt. It is recommended that you apply a couple of inches of compost to the top of the soil.
  • If your soil has an abundance of clay in it, you will need to add two to three inches of sand to the soil for drainage purposes. Once these additions have been spread over the soil, you will need to till all of it again to get everything mixed well. You can have the soil tested to determine if you need to add any fertilizer or lime.

Leveling Your Soil

If you don’t level the surface of the area you plan to lay the sod after you have prepared it, you will end up with high spots and low spots which are very unsightly you may also need string grass trimmers to trim the grass quicker. It won’t look good, and worse, you will have a problem with water running off the high spots and saturating the low spots, which has a negative effect on the ability of the grass to thrive and to grow into a beautiful lawn.

A rake is a good tool to use to start with to pull the high spots into the low spots and level things up to begin with. Watering the soil will also help the newly tilled soil to settle so you can see the unevenness better.

A lawn roller is another tool you can use to level the soil with. It basically is a barrel with some water in it and handles to push it with. The barrel is usually filled about a third with water to create the required weight to compress the newly tilled soil. This amount of water can be adjusted according to what type of weight you need for your soil. Ask your grass expert, who is providing the sod. A Great Result

All the effort will be worth it when the sod is delivered. Because you followed the advice of the expert you talked to and you were careful about how much of everything you mixed into and put on the soil, your new lawn will need less maintenance and won’t need as much water, pesticides, and fertilizer.

You should be able to enjoy your healthy, beautiful lawn for years and years. Once the sod is cut, delivered, and laid, it will take a couple of weeks for it to get rooted and recover from being cut, so be patient, and you will have the beautiful lawn you have always wanted in no time.

a couple of years ago

Bring your garden indoors for winter!


Beautiful isn’t it? And you’re probably also wondering what it is right?

Well, this is an example of one of the many kinds of hydroponic planters available if you are thinking of doing your gardening indoors. Hydroponics is a latin word meaning “working water” simply because of the fact that plants can be grown easily, effortlessly and most importantly, without the use of soil (no mess, perfect!). Not only are we fast approaching the coldest time of the year and I can’t really see myself knees to ground gardening in minus degree, British weather, but furthermore my flat is quite small and sadly I don’t have a garden. So what are the options for people in my situation then? I began to search for ways I could grow my own plants and one day (even more abitiously) grow my own vegetables. After all, everyone knows that plants and flowers can brighten up any living space instantly, with lovely fresh smells and vibrant colors.

Before I moved into my own flat, I wasn’t aware of hydroponics plant growing techniques until a friend mentioned it, it was all quite new to me.

I set about finding out as much information about hydroponics as possible (i feel I could probably lecture on the topic now!). Using google to search for the word ‘hydroponics’ brought up a lot of retailer websites as well as informational websites like Wikipedia. Initially, I was told it was quite an easy thing to do but I didn’t want to take the risk of it all going wrong so I decided on purchasing a starter kit which will include all the essentials to help me grow my own plants in as little as 8 weeks so this was great news. I just couldn’t wait to have my own plants and to see my friends and families faces when I informed them that I grew them myself, without the predictable mess of soil (i later found out they had to see it to believe it!).

Some starter kits might not include a seed kit.

Fret not, however, you can actually purchase some on various websites like eBay or homebase and even in everyday supermarkets. However, I personally found that the hydroponics websites give you a lot more information and also ideas about nutrients which help to make the already fast growing process, even faster! As I mentioned before, the average time it takes to grow plants using this system is about 8 weeks (which is 3 times faster than conventional growing techniques) and before you know it, you’ll have to start thinking about where to put your new plants. Furthermore, as hydroponics only requires water, some people actually make use of their old fish tanks to store their plants, and if arranged well it can look rather beautiful. I personally have made use of my ever growing collection of beautiful vases.

a couple of years ago

Kitchen Greens

green kitchen

Seriously? You’re putting your organic, locally-grown produce in that old, energy hog of a refrigerator? Your fair trade coffee and free range chicken deserve better accommodations.

It’s time to bring your kitchen in line with your eco-conscious self.

In the long run, this is going to help you save money and the planet at the same time! As an interior designer who specializes in helping clients make eco-friendly choices, I am often asked about what makes a kitchen green. Here are some of the tips I’ve collected so far:


Your refrigerator, dishwasher and stove/range are the biggest culprits of energy consumption. On average, new refrigerators use 42 percent less electricity than a 30-year-old counterpart. Energy Star-qualified refrigerators can use less energy than a 75-watt light bulb. Remember, refrigerator units with top or bottom loading freezers are more energy efficient than side-by-side models. Dishwashers use energy to heat water. Buying one with a heat booster option allows you to turn your hot water heater down. Air-dry options help to conserve, too. Don’t think that hand washing is better. A study done at the University of Bonn, Germany proved the dishwasher uses only half the energy, 1/6 the water and less detergent than washing an identical set of dirty dishes by hand.

The hottest thing in efficient kitchen accessories is just breaking here in the U.S., but it has been around in Europe for several years:

Induction cooktops

Induction cooktops work by using electromagnetic fields to make pots and pans the heating elements. The cooktop stays cool to the touch and only the cookware gets hot. Induction cooktops heat cookware 25% faster than gas cooktops and 60% faster than electric cooktops. The most important factor to note is that pots and pans used on an induction cooktop must be comprised of “ferrous” metal (such as iron, which will readily sustain a magnetic field).

How are induction cooktops energy efficient? Aside from not heating up your entire kitchen when in use, you can think of it somewhat similarly to why a compact fluorescent light (CFL) bulb is more efficient. The induction cooktop and the CFL both convert more of the electricity used to power them into useful energy. In case you thought gas was more efficient, the U.S. Department of Energy has established that the typical efficiency of induction cooktops is 84%, while that of gas cooktops is 40%. Check out Siemans avant-Garde® cooktops. They feature mess-free touchslide® controls.

Induction Cooktop Efficiency
Gas Cooktop Efficiency


Remember the frog you dissected in sophomore year biology class? Formaldehyde was the chemical used to make that little, postmortem amphibian stay so “fresh” and research-ready. It’s a preservative and classified as a human carcinogen by the EPA. It’s also a major ingredient in particleboard; the base material in most manufactured kitchen cabinets. If you are looking for new cabinets the best option would be solid wood cabinets from sustainably-harvested forests. The next option is a non-formaldehyde emitting particleboard such as Primeboard or Purebond. Also, make sure to use zero to low VOC stains and glues. Formaldehyde is banned from use in furniture products made in Europe, so check out imported kitchen cabinetry options. NYLoft features Maistri Cucine from Italy and IKEA has some very economical choices.


Clients often ask why granite countertops are not considered green. As soon as I show them a picture of a granite quarry they understand. Granite and stone of any kind are natural and beautiful but they are not considered sustainable since they are not being reproduced any time soon. Eco-friendly alternatives to granite include IceStone, a gorgeous countertop of 100% recycled glass; PaperStone, a stone-looking countertop made from recycled paper and resin; and concrete, which gets more eco-friendly when you use fly ash (a byproduct of coal burning) instead of Portland cement. We’ve covered some main tips for greening your kitchen. There are many more, but as always, common sense goes a long way too! At least now you know how to help your locally-grown, organic bok choy feel more appreciated.